Title: Types of Wood
the wood type for your entry door doesn't have to be nearly as daunting
as it may seem. Below is an extensive list of wood types we use for
both our exterior doors and interior doors – the 'Commonly Used Wood
Types' are some of the most popular and also the most versatile. The
'Secondary Woods' list is comprised of wood types that we have built
with, but don't get a lot of requests for. Be sure and ask our sales
staff about your options when considering your entry door.
Commonly Used Wood Types
Primary Woods (woods that we build most often with)
is a relatively soft hardwood with a grain patter similar to cherry.
The color is uniform and varies slightly form reddish-brown to light
tan or honey. Knotty alder has a rustic, rugged look: knots are random
in size quantity and location. Open, star and split knots are common.
Alder accepts stain and finishes very well.
is a hardwood with a rich color and flowing grain patter. The fine,
satiny texture of the wood is uniform and frequently wavy, with
distinctive gum veins and pockets. The lustrous heartwood ranges from
light to dark reddish brown, contrasting sharply with the sapwood,
which me be light brown to pale with a light pinkish tone; however,
between boards there my be significant color variations. Small gum
spots, pin knots and mineral streaks are characteristic.
Important: Cherry is extremely light sensitive and darkens significantly with age and intensity due to sunlight exposure.
is a hardwood with an interlocked or straight grain, often with a
ribbon figure and a moderately coarse texture. Color ranges from
creamy-white sapwood to reddish brown heartwood, often with a purple
cast. Mahogany is moderately heavy and hard with medium bending and
crushing strength, low stiffness and shock resistance, moderate decay
resistance and good stability.
stock doors are made using Indonesian Mahogany (Meranti). We build our
custom doors using either African Mahogany (Sapelli), if we build in
the U.S., or Honduran Mahogany if we build in Honduras.
Spanish Cedar –
cedar is a softwood with a grain pattern similar to mahogany.
Traditionally used in humidors, it is prized for its resistance to
insect attacks and rot, and is an excellent choice for exterior doors.
Color varies slightly from reddish-brown to light pink. Knots tend to
be small and pin-like; larger dark brown or black pitch marks and
streaks are also common.
Red Oak –
Oak is a hardwood chosen primarily for its prominent, open grain
patter. Some color variation from reddish tan to medium brown is
possible. Occasional pin knots and mineral streaks are also
characteristic. Oak is relatively heavy in weight and exhibits high
shock resistance. It accepts stain readily and finishes well.
hardwood has beautiful, distinct differences in color between the
nearly white sapwood and the heartwood, which ranges from a deep, rich
almost chocolate brown to a purplish black. The species often has a
purplish cast with dark streaks. The grain of walnut is mostly straight
and open, although some boards may have a grain pattern that is burled
or curly. The wood surface is generally fairly dull, though it may
develop a lustrous patina after many years in use.
White Oak –
Oak is a dense hardwood with a white to cream to light brown color. The
rays of white oak tend to be longer than read oak, which makes the
species prized for construction of “Mission” style furniture and
woodwork. White Oak is very durable and exhibits high shock resistance.
White oak stains well, although contact with metal will result in a
dark stain on the wood.
Secondary Woods (woods that we can build with, but rarely do)
Douglas Fir –
Fir is a soft wood with generally straight, sometimes wavy grain. Its
texture is medium to fairly coarse and its color varies from yellowish
to orange-red heartwood and whitish to reddish-white sapwood. It is
typically free of knots. Douglas Fir has moderate shock resistance and
high stiffness. It is somewhat brittle and susceptible to
Hard Maple –
Maple is a very strong hardwood with a closed, subdues grain and a
uniform texture. The sapwood is a lovely creamy white, while the
heartwood ranges from creamy white to light reddish brown. Unless
otherwise specified, figuring such as curly, birds-eye, quilted or
fiddleback is slight. Due to its light color and durability, hard maple
is a popular choice for a ‘contemporary’ look. Because it is so dense
it does not stain well.
is a dense hardwood with extremely high shock resistance. The heartwood
is tan or reddish, with the sapwood a contrastingly beautiful creamy
white. Checking is relatively common in hickory and the relative
density makes it difficult to take a stain well. It is most beautiful
with a clear, natural finish.
Lyptus (Eucalyptus) –
hardwood has a density similar to hickory or maple with surface
qualities similar to mahogany. Color is relatively consistent from dark
pink to a deep red. Lyptus is a green hardwood; it is only grown and
harvested on renewable plantations, making it completely
self-sustainable and environmentally responsible.
Pine/Knotty Pine –
is a softwood with a relatively straight grain pattern. The sapwood is
usually light yellowish-white to yellowish-tan, while the heartwood is
light orange-yellow to red or yellowish-brown in color. Pine is light
in weight and relatively low in shock resistance. Knots are tight and
sound; the quantity varies depending on the grade of lumber selected.
is a hardwood with a relatively straight grain and a fine, even
texture. Color varies significantly from creamy-white to green to brown
to purple. Poplar is relatively soft and light with low ratings for
strength and shock resistance. Due to variations in color and density,
it does not stain consistently; however it is an excellent choice for a
Quarter-Sawn White Oak –
of its unique sawing pattern, quarter-sawn white oak has a beautiful
lumed or flared appearance, or a flake pattern that may be referred to
as “tiger rays” or “butter-flies.” It has long been used in fine
furniture, especially in early colonial America. White oak finishes
well, is very durable and exhibits high shock resistance.
Soft Maple –
Maple is a hardwood with a straight, close grain pattern and a fine,
even texture. Colors may vary significantly from a creamy white sapwood
to a beige or tan-colored heartwood, with green or very dark brown
streaks. It is strong and stiff, but has a relatively low shock
resistance. Its even texture renders it suitable for painted
applications, and it is more durable than poplar for exterior
Wormy Maple –
Maple has been specifically selected out to show mineral streaks and
color variations caused by the ambrosia worm. No two boards are alike.
Colors and patterns vary significantly from a creamy white sapwood to a
beige heartwood, with green or very dark brown streaks. It is strong
and stiff, but has a relatively low shock resistance. Wormy Maple is
common in fine, hand-crafted furniture.
Yellow Birch –
is among the most featureless of North American hardwoods, although it
has a natural, pleasing figure. The sapwood ranges from pale to white
to creamy yellow, while the heartwood tends to be a light-reddish brown
with a red tinge. Occasionally, boards may show curly or wavy figuring.
It is hard and stiff with excellent shock resistance.